12 Types Of Vehicles Used In The Logistics Industry For Goods Distribution

When it comes to logistics, it’s important to select the right delivery vehicle to transport the goods to the desired destination. Logistics being one of the largest industries, it’s crucial to have the right truck selected to deliver goods, depending on the material to transport. Each truck has its own advantages and the operations managers should wisely choose the best TMS solution to transfer goods from point A to point B to the end-user.

Why are trucks preferred to get the deliveries completed?

Although there are multiple solutions to get logistics delivered, trucking has always stood the test of time. The trucking industry was able to offer companies efficient, reliable, and cost-saving solutions for delivery. 

Different Types of Trucks in the Logistics Industry

Small Trucks-

These trucks are classified by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), in groups classes 1 and 2. 

    • Mini Truck: Also known as micro trucks are usually lightweight trucks that come with a rear-wheel drive or a 4-wheel drive. Mini trucks are mainly used in intra-city deliveries and travel that covers smaller distances with light loads. Some of the daily use cases observed are postal and courier services, shipment of home appliances, and furniture from dealer to customer address.


      Small Commercial Vehicle:

      The small commercial vehicle (SVC) usually consists of vehicles with less than 1000cc engine and carries a maximum of 3.5 ton. These vehicles are practical for intra-city usage and offer more affordable, durable, and sustainable use cases. Similar to the mini truck, they are used by postal and courier companies, and delivery companies that offer single-day turnaround.


Type of vehicle used in Logistics industry- Small Trucks

Light Trucks-

These trucks are classified by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), in groups classes 1 and 2. 


Pick-up Truck:

A pick-up truck also known as a light-duty truck consists of an enclosed cabin with the rear end having a cargo bed with walls enclosed from three sides without any roof cover. They are also called coupes or utes (utility vehicles). They are mainly used for passenger transport. Additionally, they are used by tradesmen and outdoor enthusiasts for transportation or large appliances, camping equipment, and amenities of a small motor home.


Mini Van: A minivan is designed to transport passengers, with the rear seats configurable and consisting of 2 to 3 rows. The rooftop covers the entire car, has a flat floor, and has a sliding door to accommodate rear passengers. A minivan is designed on a compact pickup truck platform.


Light Trucks Used in Logistics Industry

Medium Trucks-

These trucks are classified by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), in groups classes 3 to 6.

    • Vans: Vans are vehicles that can be used to transport goods and people. They are usually bigger than a pickup truck and the common car. Most vans come with seats up front and the rear end used to carry goods and equipment. They are used in postal and courier companies, and also used to haul equipment by cleaning companies, music bands, etc.


      Box Truck: A box truck is somewhat similar to a van but is of a larger size. The major difference being a van consists of a unibody frame, while a box truck has a separate cargo box added to the chassis. These trucks have a separate cargo area, with some having a door between the cabin and cargo area. It’s a popular choice for many as it requires fewer licensing requirements. Box trucks are mainly used for transporting home appliances and furniture with relatable ease.

      Tow Truck: A tow truck comes in different names like wrecker, breakdown truck, or recovery vehicle. They are used to tow/ move disabled, impounded, or improperly parked vehicles. In most cases, tow trucks are operated by private businesses. In metropolitan areas, tow trucks can be observed in police departments, fire departments, transportation authorities, etc. Special licenses have to be obtained to operate a tow truck.


      Flatbed Truck: A flatbed truck has an open cargo carrier attached to the driver cabin. As the carrier is open from all sides, it becomes easier to load and unload goods like pipes, wood, crates, etc., which can be easily loaded and unloaded via cranes.


      Medium Trucks Used in Logistics Industry

      Heavy Trucks-

      These trucks are classified by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), in groups of classes 7 and 8. 

        • Trailer Trucks: The majority of long-haul logistics is carried out using trailer trucks. These trucks are ideal for the transportation of goods that can be easily stacked. They are mainly used to transport goods from manufacturer to retailer.


          Cement Mixer: Modern construction sites use concrete transport trucks to mix concrete and deliver it to the construction site. Concrete mixers can usually be found with two or more axels, with four, five, and six-axel being the most common. Though cement mixers are available in different sizes, an average cement mixer can carry about 40,000 pounds of concrete.


          Dump Truck: Need help with cleaning debris? A dump truck is your ideal solution. Also known as dump trucks or dumper lorries, they are used to transport materials (coal, sand, gravel, debris, etc.)


          Refrigerator Truck: Refrigerator truck, as the name suggests used to transport perishable goods like fruits, veggies, agricultural products, etc. These trucks have the ability to control internal temperature, making it possible to handle temperature-dependent goods.


          Heavy Trucks Used in Logistics Industry


          Having the best trucks in your fleet will ensure smooth operation. An efficient truck will be a crucial part of your logistics operations to achieve successful deliveries. To help your fleet reach its destination at the fastest possible, LogiNext’s transportation management system will be your best bet. Software like LogiNext Mile can help you with hassles like route planning, route optimization, live-tracking, order in-scans and out-scans, ELD verification, etc. Feel free to contact us to get help with operation managers’ needs for a seamless logistics and supply chain operation.



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